The word “NPO” entered into the Japanese lexicon with the establishment of the “NPO Law” in 1998 (its official name is Law to Promote Specified Nonprofit Activities). This law established, Specified Nonprofit Corporations as a new legal entity, making it easier to set up an incorporated nonprofit and helping to popularize the term “NPO” to the Japanese public. As of 2015, the number of “NPOs” has reached more than 50,000, with 20 different activity types. Although Specified Nonprofit Corporations are often equated with “NPOs”, there are numerous legal entities (corporate types) that constitute the nonprofit sector in Japan.
Key concepts that create enabling and supportive environment for nonprofits