Size and Scope of NPOs

Numbers of Different Nonprofits in Japan

Status of Legal Entities Number of existing entities AS of
Specified Nonprofit Corporation 51,269 March 2020
*Approved Specified Nonprofit Corporation
(among Specified Nonprofit Corporation)
1,152 March 2020
Public Interest Corporation 9,718 January 2020
General Corporation 59,901 January 2020
Social Welfare Corporation 20,818 December 2018
Private School Corporation 7,326 2017
The Relief and Rehabilitation Corporation 164 October 2012
Religious Corporation 181,064 December 2018
Medical Corporation 54,795 March 2019

Original Source: The Cabinet Office NPO Homepage, The Japan Foundation Center, Welfare and Medical Service Network System, List of School Corporations under the Jurisdiction of the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology 2017, The National Association of offenders Rehabilitation Services, Religious Yearbook, 2018, Agency for Cultural Affairs, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (modified by JNPOC)

Top 20 Charity Categories of Specified Nonprofit Corporation

(As of 31 March 2020, Source: The Cabinet Office NPO Homepage)

Budget Size of Specified Nonprofit Corporations

Total revenue from nonprofit activities


Source: Heisei 29-nen Tokutei hieiri katsudo hojin ni kansuru Jittai chosa hokokusho, The Cabinet Office

Revenue breakdown of Specified Nonprofit Corporations


Source: Heisei 29-nendo Tokutei hieiri katsudo hojin no jittai oyobi nintei tokutei hieiri katsudo hojin no riyojokyo ni kansuru chosa, The Cabinet Office

Internal Structure of Average Japanese Nonprofit Organization

Number of staff members

Over a half of Specified Nonprofit Corporations only have 0 to 5 paid staff members. Median staff members are five persons, and among them three are paid and one is full-time paid staff. This suggests that in Japan many staff work for small-sized nonprofit organizations without salary.

Number of paid staff members

Average salary of staff members

Overall, the median of annual staff salary is 1.38 million yen (about US$12,800; $1=108 yen) overall and 2.32 million yen for full-time staff, whereas average annual salary for private companies in Japan is 4.32 million yen.

Sources: Heisei 29-nen Tokutei hieiri katsudo hojin ni kansuru Jittai chosa hokokusho, The Cabinet Office. Heisei 29-nendo-bun minkan kyuyo jittai tokei chosa, National Tax Administration Agency.

Number of volunteers

In 2017 an average Specified Nonprofit Corporation had about ten volunteers annually that engaged in their activities. On the other hand, about 21.1% of organizations did not have any volunteers in their activities.